During the last six years, NATO has deeply modernized its command structure and force posture. Three consecutive summits have proven NATO’s adaptability to the new security environment set up by the Russian aggression on Ukraine and the increased assertiveness of Putin’s regime. Two important strategic documents, the Political Guidance and Military Strategy, have been adopted. Preparation of a third one, defining deterrence and defense policy, is underway. However, the security environment is further evolving. The adaptive process is not finished yet.
NATO’s topical challenges are manifold. The trans-Atlantic community faces a security challenge posed by the growing military might of China. The West is witnessing a substantive doctrinal gap between the USA and Europe with inevitable consequences for NATO. NATO Member States’ resilience in the cyber domain has become more complex issue than ever before.
Within this context, it is of paramount importance that the Alliance remains relevant for the United States in great-power competition, credible for members most exposed to the external threat, and politically cohesive at the same time.